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Quotation plan of the section “Cathedral of Our Lady”: “Time is greedy, people are even more greedy.”

Quotation plan of the section “Cathedral of Our Lady”: “Time is greedy, people are even more greedy.”

At the stage of testing the knowledge acquired in the previous lesson, not only the control but also the cognitive function is realized, thus stimulating the attention and activity of students through the use of local lore material. For example, checking the material on the topic “Rivers” (2nd grade, science), the teacher can ask the student to tell about the structure of the river (based on the local river, draw a diagram of the river on the board, show it on a map).

The local lore material involved in the lesson can be used to update students’ knowledge, their sensory experience; illustrations and concretization of the main program provisions of the lesson; arousing students’ interest in a new topic; formation on its basis of new concepts, ideas; consolidation and systematization of the studied material; checking the strength and awareness of students’ knowledge; diversification and differentiation of home

Independent work; linking learning to life; expanding the local lore horizon of schoolchildren.


The image of the cathedral in Victor Marie Hugo’s novel “Cathedral of Our Lady of Paris”: lesson plan. Abstract

The abstract presents the development of a lesson which aims to: show the attitude of Victor Hugo to architectural monuments; to reveal the writer’s views on Christianity; teach students to work with artistic texts; to instill in students a sense of respect for the past

Type of lesson: lesson-lecture.

Lesson content

“… the church itself, this huge Council, which embraced, protected and preserved it on all sides, acted healingly …”

“… the temple took on a bizarre supernatural, monstrous appearance …”

W. M. Hugo

Materials for the teacher’s lecture. The idea to focus the events in the work around the Notre Dame de Paris belonged to the writer himself. Hugo was fascinated by ancient architecture.

The Middle Ages are an era of anarchy, self-judgment, and cruel punishments. Man was perceived as a creature of animal origin. At the same time, the magnificent architectural monuments testified to the extraordinary diligence of human hands and the incredible imagination of the brain. Medieval buildings had a combination of romantic and gothic styles.

In the novel “Cathedral of Our Lady of Paris” sounds and anti-clerical idea. During the Restoration in France, clerics became more active, they had a negative impact on lawmaking.

The anti-clerical orientation of the novel affected, first of all, the image of the demon in the cassock of Claude Frollo, the bearer of Evil, also the images of Cardinal Bourbon, who could rule the evening in the temple, and then participate in the playgrounds in the Bourbon Palace.

But the anti-clerical ideas of the novel do not harm the spirit of Love for Christianity, which fills the pages of the “Cathedral …”

Hugo’s commitment to the Christian faith also explains the choice of the title of the work and the protagonist – the image-symbol of the Cathedral, the majestic cult building, directly in which the main events of the novel take place.

The cathedral embodies the romantic principle of “everything in everything”. He is a symbol of spirituality, a symbol of eternity. The Council is a symbol of Christian culture, Christianity itself, which should lead humanity to the path of Goodness and Justice.

According to the writer, the Christian church is “a majestic stone symphony, a colossal creation of one person and one people, one and complex.” The cathedral is a wonderful work of joint efforts of the whole epoch.

Hugo – a romantic strictly adheres to the role of Christianity in human life, its influence on the development of civilization.

The cathedral, according to the writer, is a majestic symbol of the inexhaustible talent of French masters, who were inspired by Christian morality and faith.

Adhering to the main principle of romantic poetics proclaimed in the literary manifesto – the image of life in its contrasts, Hugo and in the description of events taking place in the Council itself, shows the clash of Good and Evil, beautiful and ugly.

We can recall the section “Good Souls” (book 4.1), which tells how parishioners, seeing an ugly little creature on the wooden deck of the porch (Quasimodo), decide to throw it into the “fire of a good bunch of bushes. ” ; how the decent priest Claude Frollo saved and even adopted this “little stramovisko” and made him “the most humble slave and the most obedient dog.” Let us recall the chapters which deal with Esmeralda’s stay in the cell of the Council, which became her temporary refuge; filled with a tender amount of scenes of her communication with Quasimodo and hate-filled episodes, which tells of the “courtship” to Esmeralda of Archdeacon Claude Frollo.

Hugo’s demands to depict life in its contradictions, contrasts, in the clash of opposing forces brought art closer to the true reproduction of reality.

The description of the Notre Dame de Paris is built on contrasts.

Students read passages depicting the Cathedral or describing it. “… the temple was gaining a bizarre supernatural, horrible appearance. Here and there the paws opened, the eyes flashed, the barking, hissing and howling of stone dogs, snakes and dragons were heard, which, stretching their necks and opening their mouths wide, guard the strict Cathedral day and night. “

“… the church itself, this huge Council, which embraced, protected and preserved it on all sides, acted healingly. The majestic lines of its architecture, the religious character of all the objects that surrounded the young girl, the pious and bright thoughts that seemed to exhale these stones from all times, had a beneficial effect on her against her will … “

“… it seemed to him that the church also staggered, stirred, stirred, came to life, that each thick column turned into a huge paw, stomping on the floor with its wide stone foot, and that the whole giant Cathedral turned into a fabulous elephant, which was firing. and walked with his columns-feet … “

“… The ancient temple, all anxious and resounding, was filled with unceasing merriment of bells. There was a constant presence of a noisy and capricious spirit that sang with all these copper lips.”

“Squatting in front of one of these statues, he sometimes talked to her for hours. When someone came, he fell silent, like a lover, suddenly captured during the serenade. The cathedral replaced him not only people, but also the whole world, everything that exists. “

The cathedral in the novel is a grotesque image: without the grotesque it was impossible to create a holistic image. Tracing in a literary manifesto the emergence and development of the grotesque in Western European culture and art, the novelist noted: “It is especially characteristic of the magnificent architecture of the Middle Ages, which then replaced all the arts. The grotesque marks the pediments of cathedrals, frames pictures of hell and purgatory under the arch of portals, burns on the stained glass windows, deploys its monsters, its dogs and its demons around the capitals, along the friezes at the very edges of the roofs …

Let us recall the descriptions of the Cathedral in the novel, the sculptural images of demons and dragons that so frightened the parishioners and so pleased the bell ringer. Quasimodo. Statues of saints, bishops, kings coexisted in the Cathedral with the image of chimeras and insurance companies, beautiful coexisted with the ugly, beautiful with the ugly. And all this ugly, ugly overshadowed the beauty of the temple, emphasized the divine power of good, which always has victory over evil.

By adhering to the aesthetic principles proclaimed in the literary manifesto, the use of contrasts and grotesque in creating images and reflecting the realities of life, Hugo was able to “revive” the Cathedral of Our Lady of Paris, to make it a symbolic hero of the work. To some extent, this was facilitated by the image of Quasimodo, which in its appearance resembled the insurance companies that “settled” on the roof of the Cathedral.

Historical background. Notre Dame de Paris is a building of the transition period from the Romanesque to the Gothic style. It was built from 1163 to 1257.

Spikyness, openwork create the impression of lightness of the Cathedral. At first quite modest, this building seems to be unfolding, enlarging, but still does not dare to point their arrows upwards, as it will be later in many other strange cathedrals. Notre Dame seems to overshadow the neighborhood of heavy round pillars – signs of the Romanesque style.

Every stone of the famous monument is not only a page in the history of France, but also in the history of science and art.

Work on the teacher’s lecture.

Conversation. Creating a citation plan.

Why did Hugo turn to the theme of the Middle Ages?

Tell us about the writer’s views on Christianity.

How did you understand the image-symbol of the Cathedral in the novel?

How is the fate of the main characters related to the Notre Dame de Paris?

Why is the Cathedral depicted grotesquely in the novel?

How is the Cathedral described in the section “Cathedral of Our Lady”?

Why is the leading idea of ​​the novel connected with the Council?

Which of the heroes is spiritually closest to the image-symbol of the Cathedral?

How is the description of the Cathedral constructed in the novel? Give examples.

Quotation plan of the section “Cathedral of Our Lady”:

“Time is greedy, people are even more greedy.” “It’s like a great stone symphony …” “… terrifies – which terrifies the audience with its community …” “… And who replaced the ancient Gothic altar …” “Fashion has done more damage, than revolutions … “” This is a building of the transition period … “” Large buildings, like high mountains – the work of centuries. “” The construction of a Christian church remains intact. ”

Acquaintance with the work of “artists”. Students, preparing for the lesson, at home made illustrations – drawings on the theme “Image of the Cathedral”. In class, students demonstrate their drawings and read quotes from the novel to the drawings.

Creative work. Students write a miniature work on the chosen topic “Excursion to the Notre Dame de Paris”; “I am the rector of the Notre Dame de Paris”; “Beautiful and ugly – two sides of life.”


Advanced training of civil servants: distance learning. Abstract

The abstract provides information on the main tasks of the information technology subsystem of distance learning in the system of advanced training of civil servants

To build a democratic state governed by the rule of law, to solve complex socio-economic and political challenges facing the civil service, it is necessary to have highly qualified civil servants at all levels of public administration and local self-government throughout Ukraine. This is not indicated, in particular, by the Decree of the President of Ukraine of January 9, 1999 “On the training of heads of district divisions of state administrations and their deputies.”